The history of the North American Curly Horse (also referred to as the Bashkir Curly, American Bashkir Curly, among other similar names) is shrouded in mystery. What is known is that most of todays Curlies descended from a group of Mustangs captured by the Damele's in Nevada in the 1930's. That particular winter was the harshest winter on record at that time. Most ranch horses and mustangs perished during that winter. What the Damele's discovered in spring were 3 Curly coated horses who managed to survive the harsh winter. As the story goes, the Damele's captured those three Curly coated horses, and began crossing them horses available to them, including Nevada Red, an Arabian Stallion, and a Morgan stallion named Ruby Red King. Also heavily influential in Curly horse breeding were the Quarterhorse Stallion, Hard Twist, and the Appaloosa Stallion Chief of Fourmile.
The Damele Ranch with Curly horses
You can read more detail about Curly Horse History at Curly Horse Country